New-energy vehicles to make up 50% of China’s new cars sales by 2030, Moody’s forecasts

NEV adoption rate reached 31.6 per cent in 2023, versus 1.3 per cent in 2015 as subsidies for buyers and incentives for makers underpinned surge
Beijing’s target of 20 per cent by 2025, under its long-term development plan in 2020, was surpassed last year


New-energy vehicles (NEVs) will make up about half of new car sales in mainland China by 2030, as state incentives and expanding charging stations win over more customers, according to Moody’s Investors Service.
The projection suggests a steady and continuous gain over the next six years as subsidies for car buyers and tax breaks for manufacturers and battery producers support demand, the rating company said in a report released on Monday.
NEV adoption rate in China reached 31.6 per cent in 2023, an exponential jump from 1.3 per cent in 2015. That has already surpassed Beijing’s target of 20 per cent by 2025 when the government announced its long-term development plan in 2020.
NEVs comprise pure-electric cars, plug-in hybrid type and fuel-cell hydrogen-powered cars. China has the world’s largest automotive and electric-car market.
“Our estimates are underpinned by growing domestic demand for NEVs and investments in charging infrastructure, China’s cost advantages in NEV and battery manufacturers, and a raft of public policies that support the sector and its adjacent industries,” senior credit officer Gerwin Ho said in the report.
Moody’s forecast is less bullish than UBS Group’s estimate in 2021. The Swiss investment bank had projected that three in every five new vehicles sold in China’s domestic market would be powered by batteries by 2030.
Despite a hiccup in growth this year, the car industry remains a bright spot in the nation’s fading growth momentum. Manufacturers from BYD to Li Auto, Xpeng and Tesla are facing stiff competition among themselves amid a price war.
Moody’s expects the industry to account for 4.5 to 5 per cent of China’s nominal gross domestic product in 2030, compensating for weaker areas of the economy like the property sector.
Moody’s cautioned in the report that geopolitical risks could hamper China’s NEV value chain development as mainland car assemblers and component manufacturers face trade barriers in overseas export markets.
The European Commission is investigating Chinese-made electric vehicles for suspected state subsidies that disadvantage European producers. The probe could result in tariffs higher than the standard rate of 10 per cent in the European Union, Moody’s said.
UBS forecast in September that Chinese carmakers would control 33 per cent of the global market by 2030, nearly double the 17 per cent they garnered in 2022.
In a UBS teardown report, the bank found that BYD’s pure electric Seal sedan has a production advantage over Tesla’s Model 3 assembled in mainland China. The cost of building a Seal, a rival to Model 3, is 15 per cent lower, the report added.
“Tariffs will not stop Chinese companies from building factories in Europe as BYD and [battery producer] CATL are already doing [that],” European lobby group Transport & Environment said in a report last month. “The aim should be to localise EV supply chains in Europe while accelerating the EV push, in order to bring the full economic and climate benefits of the transition.”

Post time: Apr-18-2024


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